What Are The Causes of Dizziness & Nosebleeds?

5 Mins read
Headache & Nosebleed symptoms, medically called epistaxis, are quite common. Nosebleeds happen when the blood vessels inside the nose burst or break open. Causes of Headache & Nose Bleed range from hay fever to vertigo, to more serious ones like Anemia, or low red blood cell count.  Dizziness is also quite a common symptom among people, & the causes of dizziness are also plenty. Vertigo (Dizziness), jet lag, low blood sugar, fever, pregnancy, are all probable causes of dizziness among others. In this article, we take a look at the various causes of Headache & Nosebleed, causes of dizziness, Headache & Nosebleed treatment & Dizziness treatment.

The causes of Dizziness, Headache & Nosebleed symptoms:

Most of us have gotten up in the mornings feeling dizzy. Some also experience dizziness while walking, sitting or moving their head in a specific direction. Vertigo (dizziness) is one of the most common causes of dizziness. Vertigo can be described as a spinning sensation, wherein you feel that the world around you is moving even while you’re still. Often patients suffering from BPPV (Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo) experience momentary dizziness when they attempt to move their head in certain positions or get up too quickly from a sitting position. Vertigo (Dizziness) induced dizziness usually goes away on its own, however, if it doesn’t, you should go for dizziness treatment. Vertigo (dizziness) can affect your health & well-being on more levels than just one. Severe vertigo can leave you at risk for falls due to dizziness, cerebral disorders as well as risks to the inner-ear nervous system, & hence, dizziness treatment is a must for vertigo patients. NeuroEquilibrium is one of India’s top Vertigo treatment specialist clinics, & excels in providing Vertigo diagnosis & treatment through curated exercises, physical therapy & medication. You must also note that both sleep apnea and TMJ can cause vertigo. For example, Sleep Apnea may cause dizziness or vertigo through hypoxia of the brain’s vestibular nuclei. Treating sleep apnea may improve dizziness or vertigo. The same goes for when you are suffering from TMJ, and your jaw is out of balance, it can put excessive force on this bone and lead to a misalignment of the vestibular system. This will cause it to give incorrect, conflicting signals to the brain about your balance, leading to dizziness or feelings of vertigo. Thus, if you are suffering from vertigo and are unsure if it’s caused by TMJ or sleep apnea, you should visit a dental clinic like Macleod trail dental that offers treatment for both. They can diagnose your symptoms and advise you on the proper procedures. Certain environmental & lifestyle factors also contribute to dizziness, headache & nosebleed symptoms. The blood vessels in the nose rupture easily in hot weather conditions. One of the most common causes of headache & nosebleed is a deviated septum, or a shifted wall inside the nose. Alongside headache, nosebleed & dizziness, a deviated septum can also cause blockage in one or both nostrils, facial pain & snoring while sleeping. Other probable causes of headache & nosebleed are:
  • Hay Fever, also known as allergic rhinitis,
  • Common Cold
  • Sinus infection
  • Using decongestants or nasal sprays excessively
  • Dry mucus
Besides the above-mentioned mild conditions, there are some serious complications too that can cause headache & nosebleed. These are:
  • Congenital heart disease,
  • Leukemia,
  • Brain tumor
  • Increased blood platelets, or essential thrombocythemia
In case headaches & nosebleed symptoms occur along with dizziness, nausea & vomiting, you should visit your doctor immediately. Migraine is also one of the most common causes of headaches & nosebleed among adults. One study specifically found a significant link between migraine & nosebleeds accompanied by headache & dizziness. In fact, frequent nosebleeds co-occurring with headache & dizziness, are an early symptom of migraine, & other related disorders. Other factors that can cause headache & nosebleed are:
  • Excessive heat & dry weather conditions
  • Carbon Monoxide poisoning
  • High blood pressure
  • Anemia
  • Nose infection
  • Over abuse of cocaine
  • Inhaling dangerous chemicals like ammonia
  • Side effects of some drugs & medicines, like warfarin
  • Head injury or concussions
A rare genetic disorder called hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is also known to be among the causes of headache & nosebleed. It’s a disorder that causes multiple abnormal developments in the blood vessels, leading them to rupture prematurely. Headache & Nosebleed symptoms can also occur during pregnancy. Although rare, headache & nosebleed, along with dizziness is sometimes seen in pregnant women. The reason for headache & nosebleed during pregnancy is that the lining of the nose & the nasal passage gets more blood, clogging the small blood vessels. This ultimately leads to nosebleeds. The hormonal balance in the body changes rapidly during the first trimester of pregnancy, causing frequent headaches & dizziness. If the headache, nosebleed & dizziness symptoms are too severe & won’t go away on their own, always see a doctor as early as you can. In children, the most common causes of headache & nosebleed are:
  • Picking nose
  • Poor, incorrect posture
  • Not eating proper meals
  • Not getting enough sleep
Medical research shows that children with migraine are highly likely to experience headache & nosebleed along with dizziness.
When headache & nosebleed symptoms occur too frequently in children, it could be a sign of serious diseases like Leukemia, Anemia or High blood pressure. If your child shows the following symptoms along with headache & nosebleed, consult a doctor immediately.
  • Tiredness,
  • Weakness
  • Cold shivers or chills
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness
  • Easy bruising & bleeding
If your child experiences severe headaches, fainting, confusion, partial paralysis, nausea & fever or nose bleeding that lasts longer than 20 minutes; you should see a doctor immediately. For children younger than 2 years old, visit a doctor immediately for nosebleeds.

Headache & Nosebleed treatment

If the headache & nosebleed last longer than expected, seeing your doctor is recommended. Your doctor is likely to use a cauterizing or heating tool to seal off the ruptured blood vessel. Some cases might also require surgery to remove a foreign object or correct a deviated septum or treat a fracture. Your doctor will run a full-body test to diagnose the real reason behind your nosebleeds & headaches. Based on the results, they will prescribe you proper medication & other therapy for headache & nosebleed treatment.  You can also try keeping a diary/journal to log your headache & nosebleed patterns, in an attempt to scope out any possible triggers. Also, ensuring that you eat proper meals at all three times, switching to less-bright light bulbs with gentle lighting, adopting a healthy lifestyle pattern like exercises, getting proper rest, etc. can help with headache & nosebleed treatment.

Home remedies for headache & nosebleed

Household air – Next time you have a headache & nosebleed at home, try the following:
  • Sit up to reduce nasal blood pressure & halt bleeding,
  • Lean forward to help prevent blood from entering your mouth,
  • Pinch both nostrils together to shut off blood flow,
  • Place cotton pads in your nose while you hold it to stop the blood flow,
Once the bleeding is stopped, place a warm or cool compress on your head to reduce the pain. Resting in a cool, quiet or dark place can also help with reducing headache & nosebleed symptoms. For children, telling them not to pick their nose, & supervise them so that they don’t stick foreign objects in their nose is essential. Try remaining stress-free, & doing meditation exercises every day to keep migraine headaches at bay.  Ensure you don’t stay out in extremely dry or hot weather to avoid chances of nosebleeds. In case of severe headache, nosebleed & dizziness, see your doctor as soon as possible to get timely diagnosis & treatment.
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